Public Health Recommendations for People in U.S. Communities Exposed to a Person with Known or Suspected COVID-19, apart from Health Workers or different Critical Infrastructure Workers

*For the aim of this steering, fever is outlined as subjective fever (feeling feverish) or a measured temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or greater. Note that fever could also be intermittent or is probably not current in some individuals, similar to those that are aged, immunocompromised, or taking sure fever-reducing drugs (e.g., nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication [NSAIDS]).

** Data to tell the definition of shut contact are restricted. Factors to contemplate when defining shut contact embrace proximity, the period of publicity (e.g., longer publicity time possible will increase publicity danger), and whether or not the publicity was to an individual with signs (e.g., coughing possible will increase publicity danger). While analysis signifies masks could assist those that are contaminated from spreading the an infection, there’s much less info relating to whether or not masks supply any safety for a contact uncovered to a symptomatic or asymptomatic affected person. Therefore, the dedication of shut contact needs to be made regardless of whether or not the particular person with COVID-19 or the contact was carrying a masks. Because most of the people has not obtained coaching on correct choice and use of respiratory PPE, it can’t be sure whether or not respiratory PPE worn throughout contact with a person with COVID-19 an infection protected them from publicity. Therefore, as a conservative strategy, the dedication of shut contact ought to typically be made regardless of whether or not the contact was carrying respiratory PPE, which is advisable for well being care personnel and different skilled customers, or a masks advisable for most of the people.

***Data are inadequate to exactly outline the period of time that constitutes a protracted publicity. Recommendations fluctuate on the size of time of publicity, however 15 minutes of shut publicity can be utilized as an operational definition. Brief interactions are much less more likely to lead to transmission; nevertheless, signs and the kind of interplay (e.g., did the contaminated particular person cough instantly into the face of the uncovered particular person) stay necessary.

Integration of those definitions and actions into communications and actions of public well being authorities will be guided by CDC’s “Implementation of Mitigation Strategies for Communities with Local COVID-19 Transmissionpdf icon

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