Public Health Recommendations for People in U.S. Communities Exposed to a Person with Known or Suspected COVID-19, apart from Health Workers or different Critical Infrastructure Workers

*For the aim of this steerage, fever is outlined as subjective fever (feeling feverish) or a measured temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or larger. Note that fever could also be intermittent or might not be current in some folks, corresponding to those that are aged, immunocompromised, or taking sure fever-reducing medicines (e.g., nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication [NSAIDS]).

** Data to tell the definition of shut contact are restricted. Factors to think about when defining shut contact embody proximity, the period of publicity (e.g., longer publicity time possible will increase publicity danger), and whether or not the publicity was to an individual with signs (e.g., coughing possible will increase publicity danger). While analysis signifies material face coverings could assist those that are contaminated from spreading the an infection, there may be much less info relating to whether or not material face coverings provide any safety for a contact uncovered to a symptomatic or asymptomatic affected person. Therefore, the dedication of shut contact needs to be made regardless of whether or not the particular person with COVID-19 or the contact was carrying a material face masking. Because most of the people has not acquired coaching on correct choice and use of respiratory PPE, it can’t be sure whether or not respiratory PPE worn throughout contact with a person with COVID-19 an infection protected them from publicity. Therefore, as a conservative strategy, the dedication of shut contact ought to typically be made regardless of whether or not the contact was carrying respiratory PPE, which is advisable for well being care personnel and different skilled customers, or a material face masking advisable for most of the people.

***Data are inadequate to exactly outline the period of time that constitutes a protracted publicity. Recommendations range on the size of time of publicity, however 15 minutes of shut publicity can be utilized as an operational definition. Brief interactions are much less more likely to end in transmission; nonetheless, signs and the kind of interplay (e.g., did the contaminated particular person cough straight into the face of the uncovered particular person) stay essential.

Integration of those definitions and actions into communications and actions of public well being authorities may be guided by CDC’s “Implementation of Mitigation Strategies for Communities with Local COVID-19 Transmissionpdf icon

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