Poll: Americans Most at Risk for Coronavirus Complications Are No More Likely than Others to Report Taking Precautions or Making Preparations in Response to Pandemic

In the midst of a sweeping nationwide well being and financial disaster sparked by the novel coronavirus pandemic, a new KFF coronavirus poll finds two thirds of the general public (67%) say they’re taking precautions in consequence, and enormous shares fear about its affect on their household’s well being and funds.

This contains 4 in 10 who modified journey plans (42%) or canceled plans to attend giant gatherings (40%), and a few third who stocked up on meals or provides (35%). In addition, 1 / 4 (26%) report staying residence from work, faculty or different common actions, whereas one in eight (12%) say they purchased or wore a protecting masks.

Though older folks and people who stay in a family the place somebody has a critical well being situation are at larger danger of growing problems if they’re contaminated with coronavirus, they’re no extra more likely to report taking these steps.

KFF will proceed to trace the general public’s views and experiences with the coronavirus because the state of affairs evolves within the coming weeks and months.

“For many workers, the coronavirus pandemic is both a health and economic threat,” KFF President and CEO Drew Altman mentioned. “Many workers – including health care workers – worry they’ll put themselves at risk because they can’t afford not to go to work. Low-wage, hourly and gig workers also have legitimate concerns about losing income as many businesses scale back or shut down.”

Fielded from March 11-15 as many colleges closed and authorities moved to discourage or prohibit giant public gatherings to sluggish the virus’ unfold, the KFF coronavirus ballot supplies a snapshot of the general public’s expertise, data and views throughout the quickly unfolding disaster.

The ballot finds about half of staff (53%) say they’re nervous they’ll lose revenue as a result of a office closure or diminished hours, and 4 in 10 (41%) fear that they’ll put themselves vulnerable to publicity to coronavirus as a result of they can not afford to remain residence and miss work. Among those that say they or somebody of their family works to supply well being care providers, 40% say they fear about placing themselves in danger.

Work-related worries considerably range based mostly on folks’s work conditions. For instance, practically three quarters (73%) of staff in households with annual incomes underneath $40,000, two-thirds of part-time staff (68%), and 6 in 10 of those that are paid hourly (60%) or by the job (61%) fear about misplaced revenue.

The sample is analogous for worries about risking an infection as a result of they will’t afford to overlook work. Workers in low-income households and people who work part-time and are paid hourly or by the job are extra possible than others to report being concerned about placing themselves in danger.

The House on Saturday handed laws endorsed by President Trump that might increase paid sick depart and household depart for staff affected by the continued disaster.

The ballot finds a few third (32%) of staff report that they don’t receives a commission sick depart from their employers, and half (51%) don’t receives a commission day off for household or medical depart. Those who work part-time, staff who’re paid hourly or by the job, and people with decrease incomes are a lot much less more likely to report having paid depart of any sort.

Overall 10% of staff say they have already got misplaced revenue from a job or enterprise due to the disaster. This contains roughly at the very least one in 5 who’re self-employed (23%) or receives a commission by the job (21%).

About six in 10 (62%) of the general public total fear that they or a member of the family will get sick from the coronavirus. Parents (68%) and people with low family incomes (68%) are among the many teams more than likely to fret a few member of the family getting sick.

Amid a steep drop within the inventory market in latest weeks, about half (51%) of the general public additionally says they fear concerning the disaster’ affect on their retirement and faculty financial savings. More than a 3rd (36%), together with two-thirds (66%) of adults underneath age 65 with out medical health insurance, fear about with the ability to afford checks and remedy for coronavirus in the event that they want it.

Overall, a few third of adults (32%) say that fear and stress associated to coronavirus has had a adverse affect on their psychological well being, together with 14% who say it has had a “major” affect.

Democrats and Republicans are Reacting to the Crisis Differently

Across many questions, the ballot finds vital partisan variations, with Democrats usually extra nervous concerning the well being and financial penalties and extra more likely to take particular actions in response.

For instance, practically three-quarters of Democrats (73%) however solely half of Republican (50%) fear that they or a member of the family will get sick.  Democrats are also twice as possible as Republicans (54% vs. 27%) to fret about dropping revenue as a result of office closures or diminished hours.

Similarly, Democrats are more likely than Republicans to say they modified journey plans (53% vs. 29%) or cancelled plans to attend giant gatherings (49% vs. 28%).

Public Mostly Knows Key Facts About Coronavirus, But Some Misconceptions Remain

The ballot finds overwhelming majorities know that frequent handwashing, staying residence in case you are sick, and avoiding giant gatherings are beneficial by public well being consultants as a means to assist sluggish the unfold of coronavirus. The overwhelming majority additionally know that adults ages 60 or older and people with pre-existing medical circumstances are at the next danger of growing critical problems.

While most adults (73%) know that somebody who thinks they’re experiencing signs of coronavirus ought to keep residence and name a physician or medical supplier, one in 4 (25%) suppose that somebody experiencing signs ought to search instant care at an emergency room or pressing care facility.

Other findings embody:

  • Four in 10 Americans (40%) say their lives have already been disrupted loads or some by the outbreak, although the disruptions seem like rising. Half of these surveyed Friday by way of Sunday say their lives have been disrupted. Two thirds of fogeys (66%) coping with faculty or day care closures say their lives have been disrupted, together with a few third (36%) who say their lives have been disrupted “a lot.”
  • Some Americans are struggling to get wanted provides, together with 4 in 10 (42%) who say they have been unable to get cleansing provides or hand sanitizer. One in 5 (19%) say they have been unable to get groceries (rising to 30% amongst those that took the survey between March 13-15). A small share (4%) have been unable to get prescription drugs.
  • Despite widespread reviews of the restricted availability of coronavirus testing, two thirds of the general public (66%) imagine they’d be capable to get a take a look at in the event that they wanted one. Republicans (73%) and independents (67%) are extra assured than Democrats (54%) concerning the availability of a take a look at.
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stays essentially the most trusted supply for dependable details about coronavirus, with 85% of the general public trusting them at the very least a good quantity. Large majorities additionally belief native authorities (70%) and state authorities (71%) officers, whereas fewer belief the information media (47%) or President Trump (46%).

Designed and analyzed by public opinion researchers at KFF, the ballot was carried out March 11-15, 2020 amongst a nationally consultant random digit dial phone pattern of 1,216. Interviews have been carried out in English and Spanish by landline (246) and cellphone (970). The margin of sampling error is plus or minus three share factors for the total pattern. For outcomes based mostly on subgroups, the margin of sampling error could also be increased.

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