Case investigation is the identification and investigation of sufferers with confirmed and possible diagnoses of COVID-19, and get in touch with tracing is the following identification, monitoring, and help of their contacts who’ve been uncovered to, and presumably contaminated with, the virus. Prompt identification, voluntary quarantine (hereinafter known as self-quarantine on this doc except in any other case famous), and monitoring of those COVID-19 contacts can successfully break the chain of illness transmission and stop additional unfold of the virus in a group. While case investigation and get in touch with tracing for COVID-19 could also be new, well being departments and frontline public well being professionals who carry out these actions have expertise conducting these actions for tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections, HIV, and different infectious illnesses. Case investigation and get in touch with tracing are well-honed expertise that adapt simply to new public well being calls for and are efficient instruments to sluggish the unfold of COVID-19 in a group.
This steering goals to offer a basis for state, territorial, native, and tribal growth of case investigation and get in touch with tracing plans. It is necessary to notice that COVID-19 case investigation and get in touch with tracing actions will fluctuate based mostly on the extent of group transmission, traits of the group and their populations, and the native capability to implement case investigation, contact tracing, and COVID-19 testing.
*Investigation on this context refers to a public well being/infectious illness investigation and will on no account be interpreted as a legal investigation.