If You Are Immunocompromised, Protect Yourself From COVID-19

Many situations and coverings can weaken an individual’s immune system (making them “immunocompromised”). Some of those embrace:

  • Cancer
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Solid organ transplant
  • Stem cells for most cancers remedy
  • Genetic immune deficiencies
  • HIV
  • Use of oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines known as immunosuppressants that decrease the physique’s skill to battle some infections (e.g., mycophenolate, sirolimus, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, etanercept, rituximab)

Risk of Severe Illness from COVID- 19

People with weakened immune methods are at greater threat of getting severely sick from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. They might also stay infectious for an extended time frame than others with COVID-19, however we can not affirm this till we be taught extra about this new virus.

Prevent COVID-19

If you’re immunocompromised, the easiest way to stop COVID-19 is to keep away from being uncovered to this virus. For particulars, see CDC’s recommendation for what you can do to prepare for COVID-19 and how to protect yourself and others.

  • Wash your hands usually with cleaning soap and water for at the very least 20 seconds particularly after you have got been in a public place, or after blowing your nostril, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If cleaning soap and water are usually not available, use a hand sanitizer that incorporates at the very least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your arms and rub them collectively till they really feel dry.
  • Avoid leaving residence as a lot as attainable and follow social distancing.
    • If you could depart residence, keep away from different folks as a lot as attainable by practising social distancing. Maintain a distance of at the very least 6 toes (2 meters) between you and other people outdoors your family.
    • Avoid massive gatherings or locations the place folks congregate.
    • Have provides, meals, and medication delivered to your own home.
  • Cover your mouth and nostril with a cloth face covering when round others to guard different folks in case you’re contaminated, and ask others to do the identical.
    • Remember, do NOT place material face coverings on youngsters youthful than 2 years previous, anybody who has hassle respiratory, or anybody who’s unconscious, incapacitated or in any other case unable to take away the duvet with out help.
  • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces. This consists of tables, doorknobs, gentle switches, counter tops, handles, desks, telephones, keyboards, bogs, taps, and sinks.

Steps You Can Take to Protect Your Health

  • Continue your common remedy plan. Don’t cease any drugs or remedies with out speaking to your physician.
    • Discuss any considerations about your remedy along with your physician.
    • Keep your repeatedly scheduled medical appointments.
      • Talk to your physician about steps they’re taking to cut back threat of publicity to COVID-19 within the workplace.
      • Use telehealth companies at any time when attainable if beneficial by your physician.
    • Ensure that you’re getting vital checks prescribed by your physician.
    • Seek pressing medical care if you’re feeling unwell.
  • Talk to your physician, insurer, and pharmacist about getting an emergency provide of prescription drugs. Make certain you have got at the very least 30 days of prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, and provides available in case you want or wish to keep residence for a number of weeks. Talk to your physician or pharmacist about methods to obtain your drugs by mail.
  • Take steps to care to your emotional health. Fear and nervousness about COVID-19 might be overwhelming and trigger robust feelings. It is pure to really feel involved or burdened about COVID-19. Learn extra about stress and dealing with nervousness here. Call your healthcare supplier if stress will get in the way in which of your day by day actions for a number of days in a row.
  • If you’re feeling overwhelmed with feelings like disappointment, melancholy, or nervousness, or really feel such as you wish to hurt your self or others:

Treatment of COVID-19

  • At this time, there isn’t any Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved remedy for COVID-19. There is not any vaccine to stop COVID-19. Treatment is at present geared toward relieving signs, and for hospitalized sufferers, supporting very important organ perform throughout extreme sickness.

Additional Information for Specific Conditions & Risk Factors

If you have got most cancers or have survived most cancers

If you have got most cancers now or had most cancers prior to now, you may have to take particular steps to guard your well being:

  • Chemotherapy is a vital software to deal with most cancers. Although some varieties of chemotherapy can weaken the immune system, most cancers sufferers and survivors ought to proceed to take their chemotherapy as directed by their physician.
  • Do not change your most cancers remedy plan with out discussing it along with your physician.
  • Watch out for fever. Take your temperature any time you are feeling heat, flushed, chilled, very fatigued, or not effectively. Call your physician straight away you probably have a temperature of 100.4ºF (38ºC) or greater.
  • Find out out of your physician when your white blood cell rely is more likely to the be the bottom, since that is whenever you’re most in danger for an infection.
    • If you need to go to the emergency room, inform the individual checking you in that you’re a most cancers affected person present process chemotherapy. Fever throughout chemotherapy remedy is a medical emergency and you need to be seen rapidly.
  • Discuss any considerations about your chemotherapy or different most cancers remedies along with your oncologist and first healthcare supplier.
  • Learn extra about Types of Cancer, Risk Factors and Screening for Cancer and Preventing Infections whereas present process remedy for most cancers.

If you have got had a bone marrow transplant, stable organ transplant, or stem cells for most cancers remedy

If you are taking drugs that weaken your immune system, known as immunosuppressant drugs:

  • Do not change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering medication may cause severe well being issues.

If you had been born with immune deficiencies

Some persons are born with or develop immune deficiencies because of genetics. Examples embrace widespread variable immune deficiency, selective IgA deficiency, extreme mixed immunodeficiency, power granulomatous illness, and complement deficiencies.

  • If you are taking medicines to assist increase your immune system, don’t change or cease them with out speaking to your physician.

If you have got HIV

The threat of great sickness from COVID-19 for folks with HIV isn’t but identified. If you have got HIV and a low CD4 cell rely or are usually not on HIV remedy, you is likely to be at greater threat for extreme sickness from COVID-19.

If you’re utilizing oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines that decrease your immune system’s response

Some medical situations are handled with drugs that may weaken the immune system; these medicines are known as immunosuppressants. Common medical situations which can be generally handled with immunosuppressants embrace rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel disease.

  • Do not change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering medication may cause severe well being issues.

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