COVID-19 Considerations for Animal Activities at Fairs, Shows, and Other Events

Fairs and agricultural exhibits pose distinctive One Health dangers as a result of they convey collectively crowds of individuals and animals with alternatives for shut contact amongst them and  mixing of various animals from totally different locations. Events like these can contribute to the unfold of SARS-CoV-2 from individual to individual however may additionally pose a danger of an infection to sure varieties of animals.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, present organizers ought to comply with CDC’s Considerations for Events and Gatherings when deciding whether or not to carry, postpone, or cancel a good, agricultural present, or different occasion the place animals could also be exhibited. Planners must also act in accordance with state and native jurisdictional steerage with reference to persevering with operations at honest grounds or agricultural exhibits.

For common illness prevention when interacting with animals, comply with recommendation within the Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settingspdf iconexternal icon, which supplies customary suggestions on decreasing the chance of illness associated to animal contact in public settings for public well being officers, veterinarians, animal venue operators, animal exhibitors (e.g., 4-H packages), guests to animal venues and displays, academics, camp operators, and others. Additional info and a guidelines on biosecurity measures to stop zoonotic illnesses from spreading at gala’s and animal exhibitions could also be discovered within the NASPHV’s Resources on Zoonotic Influenzaexternal icon.

Fair and agricultural present organizers ought to take into account the potential for COVID-19 to unfold from person to person, individual to animal, and probably from animal to animal. The danger of animal-to-person unfold is taken into account low. However, it seems that folks can unfold the virus to animals in some conditions, normally throughout shut contact. Event organizers ought to take precautions to minimize transmission of all zoonotic illnesses between folks and animals.

Some animals have been reported to be contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 worldwide, together with pet cats and canines within the United States. To date, there have been no studies of horses, cows, pigs, chickens, or geese testing optimistic for SARS-COV-2. More research are wanted to grasp if and the way totally different animals could possibly be affected by COVID-19.

Precautions for animals

Although there have been no studies of livestock being contaminated with SARS-CoV-2, different varieties of animals have been contaminated. We are nonetheless studying about this virus and the way it would possibly have an effect on totally different animals. Take precautions to stop the potential unfold of the virus amongst animals at your occasion.

  • Implement further precautions to take care of at the least 6 ft separation between any species proven to be prone to SARS-CoV-2, together with cats and different felids; canines; small mammals akin to mink, ferrets, and rabbits; and other animalsexternal icon proven to be prone to this virus.
    • Prohibit prone animals from fairgrounds if they don’t seem to be concerned in honest or present actions.
    • Prevent direct contact and institute insurance policies to make sure at the least 6 ft separation is maintained between these prone animals and different animals and between these animals and other people. The variety of exhibitors and animals that may safely slot in a present ring or exhibit space could restrict the variety of animals that may be proven at one time.
  • Follow good biosecurityexternal icon practices to stop the unfold of pathogens between the honest and the farm. These embrace administration practices on the farm, in transit, and on the vacation spot. Biosecurity applies to each folks and animals and contains these practices:
    • Use good hand hygiene.
    • Keep guests on the farm to a minimal.
    • Clean and disinfect all gear, instruments, and different objects between makes use of.
    • Wear correct apparel and PPE when coming in to contact with animals or the place they reside.
    • Monitor animals for indicators of sickness.
  • Do not permit admission of any animals which can be sick. Animals contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 could have a spread of clinical signs together with fever, coughing, issue respiratory or shortness of breath, lethargy, sneezing, runny nostril, eye discharge, vomiting, or diarrhea.
    • All animals ought to obtain a screening examination from a veterinarian, veterinary technician, or skilled animal care and dealing with specialist earlier than being allowed on the premises.
    • Agricultural gala’s could require a well being certificates from a licensed veterinarian for every animal dropped at honest grounds.
    • Animals ought to be examined each day for indicators of sickness.
    • Exhibitors ought to report sick animals to the honest veterinarian or designee instantly.
  • Prevent contact between pens of animals from totally different farms or households to stop pointless interactions. Prevention could also be achieved by spacing out pens, staggering animals with an empty pen in between, or making different preparations primarily based on the power.
  • Place pens and stalls in a fashion that retains the general public at the least 6 ft away from the animal.
  • Clean and disinfect animal areas steadily, together with between makes use of for various animal species.
  • Use services that present sufficient air flow for animals and other people.
  • Limit interactions and preserve a distance of at the least 6 ft between animals and other people and between folks, together with honest employees, judges, and the general public who usually are not from the identical farm or family because the animal or its caretaker.
  • Do not put fabric face coverings on animals. Covering an animal’s face can hurt it.
  • Do not wipe or bathe animals with chemical disinfectants, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or some other merchandise not accredited for animal use.

Maintaining wholesome environments in animal interplay areas

If the occasion may have a petting zoo or different animal interplay space, take precautions along with regular infectious illness prevention strategies to guard animals and other people from an infection with SARS-CoV-2.

  • Do not allow animals which can be at greater danger for an infection with SARS-CoV-2 in petting zoos or different animal interplay areas. This contains cats and different felids, small mammals like mink, ferrets and rabbits, and canines.
  • Include hand hygiene stations on the entrance and exit to petting zoos and different displays the place folks will probably be interacting with animals. Visitors ought to wash their hands earlier than and after getting into the realm, even when they didn’t contact animals.
    • Washing arms with cleaning soap and water is one of the best ways to do away with germs in most conditions. If cleaning soap and water usually are not available, present hand sanitizer with at the least 60% alcohol.
    • If potential, employees ought to be assigned on the exit to actively encourage hand washing.
  • Visitors to animal areas ought to put on a cloth face covering contained in the animal space, if ready. Cloth face coverings usually are not really helpful for youngsters beneath 2 years or anybody who has hassle respiratory or is unconscious, incapacitated or in any other case unable to take away the masking with out help.
  • Do not use frequent feed dispensers and different shared surfaces that can not be cleaned and disinfected between makes use of.
  • Increase distance and restrict the length of contact (not more than 15 minutes) between guests and between guests and employees:
    • People ought to preserve at the least 6 ft of distance between one another. Provide bodily guides, akin to tape on flooring or sidewalks and indicators on partitions, to make sure that people stay at the least 6 ft aside in traces and at different instances (e.g., guides for creating one-way routes).
    • Eliminate traces or queues if potential or encourage folks to remain at the least 6 ft aside by offering signs or different visible cues akin to tape or chalk marks
    • When designing petting zoo and different animal interplay areas, permit for social distancing and keep away from excessive densities of individuals.
    • Provide separate entry and exit factors for guests so they don’t must cross shut collectively whereas coming into and going out of the petting zoo.
  • Limit objects allowed within the animal space. Do not permit strollers, meals, backpacks, or different objects within the animal space.
  • Do not permit guests to share their meals with animals.
  • Discourage guests from kissing or snuggling with animals or sitting on the bottom in animal areas.
  • Use EPA-approved disinfectantsexternal icon towards COVID-19 to wash and disinfect steadily touched surfaces akin to door handles/gates and shared objects in petting zoos and animal interplay areas.

Livestock and horse exhibits

To preserve social distancing, take into account the next steps:

  • Split courses to restrict the variety of animals within the present ring.
  • Cattle, horse, sheep, and goat exhibits naturally lend to social distancing when on the stroll; adapt spacing to take care of distance between members.
  • Limit the variety of folks and/or animals in a hoop to make sure that at the least 6 ft is stored between an animal and its handler and different folks and animals together with judges. The variety of exhibitors and animals that may safely slot in a present ring or exhibit space could restrict the variety of animals that may be proven at one time.
  • Provide separate entry and exit factors for guests so they don’t must cross shut collectively whereas coming into and going out of the ring.
  • Stagger actions in washing and grooming areas, or different shared areas, in order that animals from totally different farms or households don’t work together unnecessarily and so that folks can preserve a distance of at the least 6 ft other than one another.
  • Stagger animal move-in/move-out instances to scale back contact between folks and animals.
  • Consider a “show-and-go” with animals stalled at a trailer and leaving instantly after the present if this won’t compromise animal welfare, for instance, due to climate circumstances akin to excessive temperature and humidity.

For extra info on equestrian services, see “How can I run my equestrian facility safely” within the Frequently Asked Questions on COVID-19 and Animals.

Maintaining wholesome operations

  • Require or encourage pre-registration to scale back in-person interplay on web site.
  • Advise all employees and anybody visiting the occasion, together with exhibitors, guests, judges, and veterinarians, to remain house if they’re sick.
    • Conduct each day well being checks (e.g., temperature screening and/or symptom checking) of employees. If possible, additionally test well being standing of attendees, in accordance with any relevant privateness legal guidelines and laws.
  • Increase distance and restrict the length of contact (not more than 15 minutes) between exhibitors, guests, judges, veterinarians, employees, and anybody else visiting the occasion.
    • When designing displays and structure of the grounds, permit for social distancing and keep away from excessive densities of individuals, together with in employee-only areas akin to break rooms, locker rooms, and time clocks.
    • Examples of areas the place congregation ought to be restricted embrace in- and out-gates, warm-up rings, prep or grooming areas, petting zoos and different animal interplay areas, restrooms, and meals service areas.
  • Limit the variety of folks getting into the power.
    • Stagger visiting instances and reduce high-traffic areas by limiting areas open to guests/exhibitors or staggering use of frequent areas akin to bogs, concession areas, bleachers, or animal viewing areas.
    • Use a fringe fence to manage the variety of folks getting into or exiting.
  • Use cloth face coverings for guests, exhibitors, judges, veterinarians, and employees, particularly the place different social distancing measures are tough to take care of.
    • Cloth face coverings usually are not an alternative to private protecting gear (PPE), which ought to be worn when performing procedures on animals or when utilizing cleansing and disinfecting chemical compounds.
    • Cloth face coverings usually are not really helpful for youngsters beneath 2 years or anybody who has hassle respiratory or is unconscious, incapacitated or in any other case unable to take away the masking with out help.
  • Move leisure scheduled for indoors (or in tented house) outdoors in an open-air setting, climate allowing.
  • Use markings and indicators to remind employees, exhibitors, and guests to observe social distancing, put on fabric face coverings in public areas, particularly when sustaining at the least 6 ft aside could also be tough, wash their arms, and comply with different security measures. Consider including indicators that illustrate the capability restrict of buildings, together with bogs, and take steps to manage the variety of folks getting into and exiting services.
  • Encourage hand hygiene by organising hand hygiene stations on the entrance and inside the premises in order that employees and guests can clean their hands, together with earlier than and after interacting with animals or getting into/exiting animal areas
    • Washing arms with cleaning soap and water is one of the best ways to do away with germs in most conditions. If cleaning soap and water usually are not available, present hand sanitizer with at the least 60% alcohol.
  • Clean and disinfect steadily touched surfaces akin to door handles/gates (together with these to stall doorways and bogs), and shared objects akin to hoses, buckets, brooms, and pitchforks each day or extra steadily primarily based on the extent of use.
    • Use EPA-approved disinfectantsexternal icon towards COVID-19.
    • Encourage members to wash and disinfect objects from house (halters, pitchforks, and so forth.) earlier than bringing them to the occasion and once more earlier than they take them again house.
    • When potential, discourage the sharing of things (halters, brushes, clippers, and so forth.) which can be tough to disinfect between opponents, barns on the premises, and farms.
    • Clean and disinfect animal areas between exhibits or occasions.
    • Develop a schedule for elevated, routine cleansing and disinfection of animal areas and different shared areas like bogs.
    • Ensure safe and correct use and storage of cleaners and disinfectants to keep away from hurt to workers and different people. Always learn and comply with label directions for every product, and retailer merchandise securely away from youngsters.
  • Cleaning merchandise shouldn’t be used close to youngsters. Staff ought to guarantee that there’s sufficient air flow when utilizing these merchandise to stop attendees or themselves from inhaling poisonous vapors.
  • Implement methods to take care of safe concession areas and promote behaviors that scale back the unfold:
    • Encourage frequent hand washing, by organising hand hygiene stations close to meals concession areas.
    • Eliminate communal high-touch objects (e.g., condiments, reach-in coolers, straw dispensers, some varieties of trash containers, and so forth.).
    • Take social distancing into consideration when designing these areas so that folks can preserve 6 ft of distance between one another whereas ready in traces or seating.
    • Refer to CDC’s considerations for restaurants and bars for extra info on security precautions to scale back the unfold of COVID-19
  • Mount pedestal followers or exhausting mounted followers with water misters excessive up in order that they blow in direction of the bottom, avoiding blowing between totally different folks. Water misters that spray immediately onto folks ought to use solely potable water. Develop a Water Management Plan (WMP) and monitor the disinfectant and temperature of the water to make sure that water isn’t sitting within the line for an prolonged time period.
    • Avoid blowing air immediately over one individual in direction of one other.
    • Avoid creating air motion that distributes mud, which can include contaminants.
    • Position followers above the seating space (e.g., restaurant seating), cordon off the realm immediately in entrance of a ground-level fan to stop folks from standing immediately in entrance of the airflow discharge, and set followers into oscillation mode in order that there isn’t any constant airflow from one individual to a different.
    • Prevent followers from blowing immediately from folks to folks, folks to animals, or animals to folks.
  • Isolate and transport individuals who grow to be sick.
    • Immediately separate guests, exhibitors, judges, veterinarians, and employees with COVID-19 symptoms.
    • People who’re sick ought to go house or to a healthcare facility, relying on how extreme their signs are, and comply with CDC guidance for caring for oneself and others who’re sick.

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