NGOs, the abbreviation for “non-governmental group,” have existed for a few years. Whereas the time period “non-governmental group” first appeared in 1945 within the United Nations Charter, organizations devoted to human rights and social justice had been already existent in lots of nations. Right now, yow will discover hundreds of NGOs working locally, nationally, and internationally. Human rights NGOs concentrate on the rights protected in paperwork just like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and social justice points. Listed here are ten of those organizations based mostly in the USA:
Based in 1973 by Marian Wright Edelman, the Kids’s Protection Fund focuses on the rights of youngsters. It was impressed by the work of civil rights organizations. By means of applications and advocacy, the CDF works to finish cycles of poverty, shield kids from abuse, and ensure each youngster receives an schooling. This NGO is predicated in Washington, D.C. with workplaces across the nation.
Based in 1909, the NAACP is the biggest and best-known civil rights group within the US. Its mission is to eradicate racial discrimination and hatred whereas selling the rights (political, social, financial, and academic) of all residents. Their work consists of ensuring civil rights legal guidelines are established and enforced and educating folks on their constitutional rights.
Established by Jack Healey, a well-known human rights activist, the Human Rights Motion Heart seeks to be a “voice for the unvoiced.” It focuses on the rights outlined within the Common Declaration of Human Rights and human rights teams world wide. By partnering with the artistic arts, the middle attracts consideration to human rights abuses. The HRAC is predicated in Washington, D.C.
This NGO focuses on prisoner rights in the USA. It advocates for prisoners wherever they’re discovered, together with federal prisons, juvenile services, and immigration detention facilities. Areas of focus embrace free speech, authorities accountability, and points with the non-public jail system. HRDC can be the mother or father group of Jail Authorized Information. This month-to-month newspaper about prison justice points and litigation is the nation’s longest-running newspaper developed by and for prisoners.
Primarily based in St. Paul, Minnesota, the CVT is a world non-profit that serves survivors of torture. It additionally trains companion organizations, researches how folks heal from torture, and advocates for the tip of torture. Along with offering care at its heart in St. Paul, the CVT goes to refugee camps and trains the local people. CVT additionally has an workplace in Washington, D.C.
Primarily based in San Francisco, California, the Heart for Justice and Accountability was based in 1998. It represents individuals who’ve endured torture or different violations of their human rights in American and Spanish courts. CJA’s litigation and advocacy work focuses on survivors from nations transitioning from an authoritarian authorities to a democratic one. With the intention to really transfer on from the previous, CJA believes redress from human rights abuses is important.
This New York-based NGO was based in 1978. Its aim is to defend human rights world wide. By means of selling legal guidelines and insurance policies, HRF’s mission is to make sure everybody’s rights are revered. The group focuses on folks in danger. This consists of those that are discriminated in opposition to, political refugees, and human rights advocates. Along with its New York workplace, it has one other base in Washington, D.C.
The HRC is the nation’s largest LGBTQ+ advocacy group and political lobbying group. It focuses on defending and rising LGBTQ+ rights. This consists of marriage equality and anti-discrimination laws. The HRC additionally prioritizes HIV/AIDS advocacy. The HRC Basis gives sources on popping out, healthcare, and office points. Since 2007, the Basis has printed the Healthcare Equality Index. The Index examines how effectively hospitals are doing on points like hospital visitation rights.
Based in 1978 with the title “Helsinki Watch,” Human Rights Watch has since expanded its view to world human rights. By means of analysis and advocacy, it pressures governments and policymakers to talk out in opposition to human rights abuses and respect rights. HRW publishes its studies on worldwide human rights and human rights violations, drawing consciousness to issues world wide.
Based in 1998 (the org reached a nonprofit standing in 2001), this group’s mission is to help and strengthen community-based human rights advocacy teams. Primarily based in Washington, D.C, the Advocacy Mission sends out peace fellows (normally graduate college students) to completely different organizations all through the world. The aim is to supply help to native communities of their human rights work by giving them advocacy instruments and growing long-term campaigns. All through the years, AP has labored with over 100 organizations.